The weakening of the pelvic floor muscles entails many unpleasant consequences. These are involuntary urination, fecal incontinence, and constant pain in the perineum. The vagina becomes wide and loses sensitivity, and the quality of intimate life worsens. Women often face such problems after childbirth and who have entered the period of menopause.
In a woman’s body, there are pelvic floor muscles, the condition of which does not affect the appearance but can cause many diseases and disorders. These muscles support the pelvic organs (bladder, urethra, vagina, intestines), ensuring their proper functioning. It is impossible to pump up the powers of the pelvic floor in the gym. To solve such problems, clinic specialists have developed Pelvic floor physical therapy, which helps to eliminate not the symptoms but the cause of the disease.
Training these muscles is essential because they support all the small pelvis organs, ensuring normal functioning. The pelvic floor is a complex anatomical formation that ensures the functioning of the bladder, urethra, uterus, vagina, and rectum. The abnormal position of the pelvic organs leads to severe disorders in the bladder (frequent urge, difficulty urinating, chronic urinary retention, recurrent infections) and rectum (constipation, difficult defecation, incontinence).
Pelvic floor rehabilitation: what problems can be solved?
Disorders that can develop as a result of pelvic floor dysfunction often occur in the early postpartum period or, conversely, 4 to 6 months after childbirth:
- Urination disorders. Women with urinary incontinence lose urine when they cough, sneeze, laugh, or exercise. Some women feel an unbearable urge to urinate even when the bladder is empty.
- Fecal incontinence. Many women in the postpartum period cannot control the passage of gases or feces.
- Pain in the perineum. This condition often develops in women who have given birth, especially if there were ruptures or an episiotomy (dissection of the perineum—the area between the vagina and the anus) in childbirth.
- Pelvic pain. For some women, pain during intercourse persists long after childbirth, and this pain often becomes a chronic, itching, burning sensation in the vulva—the tissues surrounding the vagina.
- The prolapse of the walls of the vagina—prolapse of the genitals. When the pelvic floor muscles weaken due to pregnancy and childbirth, one or more of the organs supported by these muscles may descend into the vagina.
Any treatment begins with the diagnosis of disorders: the condition and strength of the pelvic floor muscles are assessed, and it is determined whether there are symptoms associated with pelvic floor dysfunction. The doctor also teaches the patient Kegel exercises, which can be performed independently at home to strengthen weakened muscles and relax.