Physiotherapy (FTL — physiotherapy treatment) is a method of treatment using physical or natural factors: electric current, magnetic field, light, sound, heat, etc. Physiotherapy is prescribed for a vast range of indications:
- Pain syndrome after injuries and operations due to degenerative diseases of the joints, spine, muscles, etc.;
- violation of muscle tone (spastic, hypotension);
- circulatory disorders (local or systemic);
- sensitivity disorders;
- inflammatory diseases;
- diseases of internal organs;
- recovery after intense exercise;
- chronic fatigue syndrome;
- neurotic and depressive disorders.
Physiotherapy begins with an examination of the patient. During the first visit, the physiotherapist examines the results of medical research, conducts an examination, and talks with the patient. Please note that pelvic floor physical therapy is carried out only as prescribed by a doctor. This may be a neurologist, orthopedist, therapist, pediatrician, or psychotherapist.
Depending on the diagnosis, the patient may be recommended physiotherapy treatment. The doctor chooses which type of physiotherapy suits the patient. It also determines the number, frequency, and intensity of procedures and describes in detail the entire course in the procedure sheet.
Sometimes the attending physician may prescribe an additional examination to clarify the degree of dysfunction and identify contraindications:
- Laboratory tests;
- ECG (electrocardiography), Holter monitoring;
- MRI, CT, or X-ray;
- Ultrasound examination: echocardiography, ultrasound of internal organs, ultrasound dopplerography;
- Consultations of other doctors.
What Is Physiotherapy Used For?
Physiotherapy procedures are prescribed to speed up recovery, rehabilitate the body after a long, painful period, restore normal life processes, heal injuries, and restore tone to the body. In chronic diseases, physiotherapy helps to reduce the risk of exacerbations and reinforces drug treatment successfully.
Physiotherapy procedures are indicated for the treatment of different systems in the body:
- Musculoskeletal (arthritis, osteochondrosis, sprains);
- Cardiovascular (cardio training, rehabilitation after heart attacks and strokes, massage for varicose veins);
- Respiratory (heating, inhalation).
As a rule, physiotherapy procedures are used as additional methods in the complex therapy of patients with protracted or chronic diseases, during the rehabilitation period after injuries, in rehabilitation therapy after a severe illness, and.
Indications for Procedures
A doctor can prescribe physiotherapy for almost any disease if the patient has no contraindications. Various treatment methods can be aimed at eliminating pain, relaxing, starting recovery processes, or normalizing the work of body systems, enhancing the effect of taking medications.
The main indications are:
- functional disorders of the central nervous system;
- infections of the gastrointestinal tract;
- injuries, fractures;
- inflammatory processes (not in the acute stage);
- respiratory diseases.
The main advantages of physiotherapy treatment can be considered a few contraindications and a natural effect on the human body. In addition, the ability to cope with many diseases without medical or surgical intervention is of great importance. Recovery occurs several times faster, which is noted not only by doctors but also by patients. To achieve a visible effect, you must complete the entire course of procedures recommended by your doctor, and it will take from 5-6 to 20 visits in different cases.